Project Topics

DESIGN OF AN INDOOR SPORT HALL FOR THE PHYSICALLY DISABLED AND MAXIMUM UTILIZATION

DESIGN  OF AN INDOOR SPORT HALL FOR THE PHYSICALLY
DISABLED AND MAXIMUM UTILIZATION

 Department: Urban and Regional Planning

1.0 INTRODUCTION

1.1 BACKGROUND

Indoor sports hall are universally useful
spaces designed to accommodate a variety sports. Some of these can take in a
suitable games hall, and consequently it will be important to settle on upon
the range of games and levels before deciding the floor required area. (Peter
Ackroyd 1995). The indoor game hall can be as a solitary ‘stand-alone’
structure with smallest bolster space or as a segment inside a larger
structure. This sport building began to spring up during the end of the
twentieth century. Earlier examples being basic ‘games outbuildings ‘on school
places that gave fundamental climate projection to open spaces playing ground.
Others were a section of larger public sport building that were built in the
1970’s. Different developmental project and sport programmer in the 1980’s saw
the advancement of standard reduced and design that were economical (Sports
hall design and layout February 2012). Indoor sport hall activity can be
competitive, sport or for exercise purposes. Most sporting hall are designed in
such a way that both national and international sport competition as well as
county and club completion can take place in them. In this part the data given
about every sport activity will by and large be limited to the required general
sizes at the different perceived levels. Some of the sport building are large
structure bounded by both dry and wet sport. It is feasible to have a dry or
wet or sport complex. (Geraint John 1995). Such that variety of games can be
hosted in a multipurpose indoor sporting hall, each of this games have
individual court with the appropriate colour marking. However, the utilization
of lines minimizes the utilization of space and tend to bring harmony between
the different sporting activities.

1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

Kaduna the Kaduna state capital boasts of
facilitating numerous sport events be it at local, nationwide, and sometimes
worldwide. As a result of this the facilities available which for to host this
games are now inadequate while some of them are overstretched. To this end,
there is a requirement for construction of new indoor sport hall. According to
the World Bank and World Health Organization (W.H.O) persons with physical
impairment make up 15% of the world populace with the greater part of them in
the third world nations. (World Report on Disability, World Health
Organization, 2011). Physical impairment is increasingly being acknowledged as
a human rights issue. Without a doubt, individual that make up the disability
movement observe disability human rights as the last liberation struggle. The
new UN Convention on the privileges of persons with disability was received in
January 2007, and numerous nations have passed their own domestic disability
law. Probably the comprehensive disability legislation exists in third world
nation. On the other hand, making an interpretation of rights on paper into
genuine enhancements for the lives of disable people is to a great extent
harder. The Nigeria Building Code obviously diagram the fundamental necessity a
building ought to have for the building to be accessible by both the physically
able and disable It shows up just as these essential necessities have been
traded off both the designer who plans building and the engineer of the
building. Toward this impact, the physically tested within the general public
have thought that it was hard to get to some building in addition to make
compelling utilization of the building and should not be so. Each individual
irrespective of physical status has the privilege of accessibility into an
indoor sport hall implied society. After some moment in time, creators as well
as proprietors of indoor sport hall have dismissed this right. Consequently,
this project will investigate indoor sport hall and the procurement made by the
architects for the physically disabled in the general public will be surveyed.

1.3 AIM AND OBJECTIVE 1.3.1 AIM

The aim of this research work will be to
assess available indoor sport hall in an attempt to find out the essential
facilities set up to help the physically disabled in accessing and the maximum
utilization of space in an indoor sport hall of the building.

1.3.2 OBJECTIVES

i. to access the level of accessibility by the physically challenge
in existing indoor sport hall;

ii. to highlight likely ways accessibility
can be upgraded in existing Indoor Sport hall; and

iii. to propose a design for Indoor Sport
hall, that is accessible to the physically challenge person

1.4 SCOPE

The physically disabled in the general public
are of various groups and their need in a building is dependent on the group
they fall under. This research study will concentrate more on mobility impaired
spectators and they include;

i.                   
People in wheelchairs who remain
in their wheelchairs throughout the match.

ii.                 
People who arrive at the ground
in a wheelchair and then transfer to a seat.

iii.   
People who watch the event from
their own special vehicle. Ambulant disabled spectators, who can walk either
unaided, with difficulty or only with help.

1.5 JUSTIFICATION OF STUDY According to
a research done by W.H.O, 10 percent of the world populace live with one type
of disabilities. It is subsequently fundamental for Indoor sport center to
focus on the different need that will make such building readily accessible by
the physically challenge. Sport serves as a medium of social association for
man since he is a social being who has graving for collaboration with others in
exchanging of ideas, thought sharing, express his emotions and to share
information around a specific subject. To enhance such kind of relationship the
existence of a facility that welcomes both people with or without disabilities
is paramount. This research project will give one of such sport building. The
project an Indoor sport hall will give an opportunity for people with or
without physically disability to interact with each other using sport as a
medium.

1.6
LIMITATION
The security situation in Nigeria
specifically in the north, made data gathering during the course of the
research difficult and impossible in some cases. In some facility access into
the sport hall were strictly for staff members and only except in the event of
sporting activity

1.7
CONTRIBUTION TO KNOWLEDGE

This research work will contribute to
designer and facility manager knowledge in the range of giving universally
acknowledged design guide line standards making Indoor sport hall available to
everybody. It will likewise proffer arrangements that will make existing
structures more available. 5

1.8 STUDY
AREA

Kaduna State created by the then military
head of state, Gen. Murtala Mohammed in 1975, with every single particular
identity amalgamated into one state without a choice. The state subsequently is
the successor of the old Northern Region of Nigeria, which had its capital at
Kaduna which is currently the capital of the state with a population of around
6.3 million individual (Nigeria statistics figure, 2006). Kaduna state consists
of twenty-three (23) Local Government Areas. They are: BirninGwari, Chikun,
Giwa, Igabi, Ikara, Jaba, Jema’a, Kachia, Kaduna North, Kaduna South, Kagarko,
Kajuru, Kaura, Kauru, Kebab, Kudan, Lere, Makarfi, SabonGari, Sanga, Soba,
ZangonKataf, Zaria. Kaduna State lies on the 7°.45° East and longitude 10°.20°
North. There are 57 ethnic group in Kaduna State. These groups include:

1. Adara (dubbed Kadara), 2. Akurmi (labelled
Kurama by the Hausa), 3. Anghan (dubbed Kamanton by the Hausa), 4. Amo, 5.
Aruruma (named Ruruma by the Hausa), 6. Atachaat (dubbed Kachechere), 7. Atyab
(dubbed Kataf by the Hausa), 8. Atuku,9. Ayu, 10. Bajju, 11. Bakulu (Ikulu by
the Hausa), 12. Bhazar (named Koro), 13. Bur (Sanga),14. Binawa, 15. Dingi, 16.
Fantswam, 17. Fulfulde (Arrived around 1800s), 18. Gbagyi, 19. Gure, 20.
Gwandara, 21. Gwong (Kagoma in Hausa), 22. Ham (dubbed Jaba in Hausa which is a
derogatory name), 23. Hausa, 24. Jangi, 25. Kaibi, 26. Kahugu, 27. Kanufi, 28.
Kigono, 29. Kinugu, 30. Kitimi, 31. Kiwafa, 32. Kiwollo, 33. Kono, 34. Kuvori
(call Surubu), 35. Kuturmi, 36. Lemoro * not sure, 37. Mada (Mardan) Mada must
have migrated during colonial rule, 38. Nandu, 39. Nduyah, 40. Numana, 41.
Nindem, 42. Ningeshe, 43. Ninkyop, 44. Ninzo, 45. Nyenkpa (Yeskwa), 46.
Oegworok, 47. Pikal, 48. Pitti, 49. Ribang, 50. Rishuwa, 51. Rumada, 52.
Rumayya, 53. Shemawa, 54. Sholio (Dubbed Marwa), 55. Siyawa (Bauchi state?),
56. Takad, 57.Tarri, and 58. Tsam (Chawai) (Hayab,J.P. 2014 ongoing research).