This study is centered on the causes and effects of examination misconduct in secondary schools in Enugu North Local Government Area of Enugu State. In coming out the research, five research questions bordering on the causes of and effect examination misconduct where formulated. The researchers used random sample size of 150 respondents. Questionnaire was used in collecting data for the study. The data collected was analyzed using four points likert-type rating scale from the study analyzed it was found that teacher lack of commitment to duties. Emphasis on paper qualification. Lacks of teaching facilities are the main causes of examination misconduct. It was also found that examination misconduct gives false assessment of students and encourages laziness amongst students . Recommendation tampared examination misconduct and suggestion further research work on the topic where made.
BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Inside the school hall in a typical Nigeria examination center, young men and women are seated with rest attention as they listen to a middle aged, well built man, clutching folder containing some sheets of papers. He is surrounded by other ladies and gentlemen who apparently are waiting for the man to give the go ahead to start the distribution of examination question papers and answer booklets. He clears his throat and pointing his fingers to nobody in particular as if sounding a warning to a recalcitrant child who refused to heed to his mother’s scolding “if you like go ahead and cheat in this examination misconduct will face twenty one years imprisonment”
This is the kind of ceremony that usually precedes examination examinations. Examination officials, invigilators school authorities as the case may be warn the candidates against examination misconduct.
Examination misconduct in Nigeria has attained a frightening proportion. It is sophisticated and institutionalized. Efforts by government administration and state-holders in the education sector to curtail the ugly trend have not yielded any fruit. One of the peremial and most devastating problems militating against the educational system in Nigeria today is examination misconduct.
This phenomenon has been described in Denga and Denga (1998:3) as one of the cardinal forms of educational misconduct. The authors further termed it as an ugly canker and octopus that is rapidly assuming the status of a social, moral and educational epidemic in Nigeria.According to them examination misconduct has become so internalized and legitimized among students that most of them regards it as a normal process of passing examination, without regards to its associated consequences on the nation’s development.
It is saddening by examination to note that examination bodies government functionaries; school authorities, invigilators, parents and students all participate in an unfair examination. The intractable nature of examination misconduct has resulted in high turn over of half-baked graduates by institution of higher learning, Eromosele (2005) since they cannot meet up with the requirement of the society by passing the aptitude test given to them in any inter-view.
Examination misconduct has long graduated from the normal grafting at neighbor’s work, using key points notes or textbooks or coping on sheets of paper referred to a micro-chips or coping on desk also known as desktop publishing etc to a more advanced and more organized system of buying question from examination bodies for the easy flow misconduct.
The miracle centers enjoy the patronage of corrupt school administrators and examination officials. It is incontrovertible that examination misconduct thrives in a corrupt society, which indicates that it is the reflection of the society. It is in the psyche of the people therefore it can only be tackled in the mind of the people.
Misconduct has now become widespread in most secondary school in Enugu north L.G.A. As a result of the ugly development in the educational sector behind the administration of the examination tends to be undermined.
Furthermore, examination misconduct has degraded our certificates. Those who are not suppose to posses the certificate are holders of such certificates. The resultant effect of confidently meet up with the rigors involved in the job s they were employed to do.
The overall consequent of this abnormally in our education sector brings about the fall in standard of education as it is witnessed today. In turn it leads to other levels of corruption in the society and the effect is out right reduction in National product. The government, school administration and general public are worried about menace. No wonder, why it becomes important to engage in detail study of examination.
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
Academic performance has continually been on the decline in Nigeria over the years. This situation of learning at all levels has been deteriorating at such an alarming rate that many critics describe the standard of education as having fallen. Over the years, teachers in institutions of learning at all levels in Nigeria have noticed the negative trend in our academic system and have also expressed dismay over the increasing rate of their students’ poor performances in academics. Further evidence of poor, academic performance has been found through research result from WAEC, NECO, as well as JAMB. 2005.
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
The main purpose of this study is to specifically, find out the causes of examination misconduct. Find out the type of examination misconduct, among secondary school student in Enugu North Local government Area.
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
(a) The result of this study will be beneficial to students’ teachers and school authorities, parents and the government.
(b) It will serve as a useful instruments to examination misconduct will effectively cover the loopholes in their own part, knowing that misconduct raises question marks on the integrity of the certificates they award.
(c) It will also help the government policy makers to implement such policies that will be able to eradicate examination misconduct.
(d) Also serves as useful materials to future researchers in the field or related fields.
SCOPE OF THE STUDY
The scope of the study is secondary schools in Enugu North Local Government Area of Enugu state, Nigeria. The secondary schools in Enugu north L.G.A
The following research questions were formulated to guide the study.
1. To what extent does lack of commitment by the teachers causes examination misconduct.
2. To what extent does emphasis on paper qualification causes examination misconduct.
3. Does lack of studying facilities causes examination misconduct.
4. Does examination misconduct gives a false assessment of a candidates academic potentials laziness amongst students.