|Birth|| 1 July 1842 |
|Death|| 15 July 1923 |
(aged 81 years)
Sir Henry Hoyle Howorth KCIE FRS (1 July 1842 – 15 July 1923) was a British Conservative politician, barrister and amateur historian and geologist.
He was born in Lisbon, Portugal, the son of Henry Howorth, a merchant in that city. He was educated at Rossall School before studying law. He was called to the bar by the Inner Temple in 1867, and practised on the Northern Circuit. He was also the maternal great uncle of anthropologist Sir Edmund Ronald Leach.
He was a Unionist in politics, and was elected as Conservative member of parliament for Salford South in 1886. He was re-elected in 1892 and 1895 before retiring from the Commons at the 1900 general election.
Apart from the law and politics, Howorth was deeply interested in archaeology, history, numismatics and ethnography. He was a prolific writer, contributing articles to a number of journals.
In 1892 he was appointed a Knight Commander of the Indian Empire in recognition of his works on the history and ethnography of Asia. In 1893 he was made a Fellow of the Royal Society, against considerable opposition as he lacked any formal scientific education. He subsequently became Honorary Librarian of Chetham’s College and a Trustee of the British Museum. He was also a Member of the Chetham Society, serving as a Member of Council from 1877 until 1900.
Howorth was a controversialist, frequently airing his opinions on the letters page of The Times, sometimes under the pseudonym “A Manchester Conservative”. He married Katherine Brierley in 1869 and they had three sons, one of whom was Sir Rupert Howorth. His wife predeceased him in 1921. Sir Henry Howorth died in July 1923 aged 81, and was buried in Putney Vale Cemetery.
The books he authored summarise his areas of interest:
- Mongolia: a three-volume History of the Mongols (1876–1888)
- 霍渥斯 (1888). 蒙古史: The Mongols proper and the Kalmuks … with 2 maps by E.G. Ravenstein (reprint ed.). 文殿閣書莊. Retrieved 21 March 2012. Original from the University of Virginia Digitized 15 February 2011 History of the Mongols: The Mongols proper and the Kalmuks History of the Mongols, from the 9th to the 19th Century
- HENRY H. HOWORTH. HISTORY of the MONGOLS FROM THE 9th TO THE 19th CENTURY. PART III. THE MONGOLS OF PERSIA. Retrieved 21 March 2012. HENRY H. LONDON : LONGMANS, GREEN, AND CO AND NEW YORK : 75 EAST 16th STREET. Original from the University of Virginia Digitized 15 February 2011
- History of Chinghis Khan and his Ancestors
- The arrival of Christianity in England: St Gregory the Great and Augustine the Missionary (1913), The Golden Days of the Early English Church (1916)
- and geology: The Mammoth and the Flood (1887), The Glacial Nightmare (1893) and Ice or Water? (1905). In his geological books he attacked the theories of Charles Lyell, discounting the existence of Ice Ages in favour of great floods.