Psychologist - PeopleWiki

Walter Pitts

Walter Harry Pitts, Jr. (23 April 1923 – 14 May 1969) was a logician who worked in the field of computational neuroscience. He is widely remembered to have spent three days in a library, at the age of 12, reading Principia Mathematica and sent a letter to Bertrand Russell pointing out what he considered serious problems with the first half of the first volume. Russell was appreciative and invited him to study in the United Kingdom.
He proposed landmark theoretical formulations of neural activity and generative processes that influenced diverse fields such as cognitive sciences and psychology, philosophy, neurosciences, computer science, artificial neural networks, cybernetics and artificial intelligence, together with what has come to be known as the generative sciences. He is best remembered for having written along with Warren McCulloch, a seminal paper entitled “A Logical Calculus of Ideas Immanent in Nervous Activity” (1943). This paper proposed the first mathematical model of a neural network. The unit of this model, a simple formalized neuron, is still the standard of reference in the field of neural networks. It is often called a McCulloch–Pitts neuron.

Allan Paivio

Allan Urho Paivio (March 29, 1925 – June 19, 2016) was a Professor of psychology at the University of Western Ontario. He earned his Ph.D. from McGill University in 1959 and taught at the University of Western Ontario from 1963 until his retirement.

Robyn Dawes

Robyn Mason Dawes (July 23, 1936 – December 14, 2010) was an American psychologist who specialized in the field of human judgment. His research interests included human irrationality, human cooperation, intuitive expertise, and the United States AIDS policy. He applied linear models to human decision making, including models with equal weights, a method known as unit-weighted regression. He co-wrote an early textbook on mathematical psychology (see below).

Victor Vroom

Victor Harold Vroom (August 9, 1932, Montreal, Canada) is a business school professor at the Yale School of Management. He holds a PhD from University of Michigan and an MS and BS from McGill University.

Elliott Jaques

Elliott Jaques (January 18, 1917 – March 8, 2003) was a Canadian psychoanalyst and organizational psychologist, known for developing the notion of requisite organization from his ‘stratified systems theory’, running counter to many others in the field of organizational development.

Jacqueline Coyle-Shapiro

Jacqueline Coyle-Shapiro’s biography, age, height, fact, career, awards, net worth, salary, income, family tree, personal life and life story.

Sarah Riley

Sarah Riley’s biography, age, height, fact, career, awards, net worth, salary, income, family tree, personal life and life story.

David Steindl-Rast

David Steindl-Rast OSB (born July 12, 1926) is a Catholic Benedictine monk, notable for his active participation in interfaith dialogue and his work on the interaction between spirituality and science.

George Herbert Mead

George Herbert Mead (February 27, 1863 – April 26, 1931) was an American philosopher, sociologist and psychologist, primarily affiliated with the University of Chicago, where he was one of several distinguished pragmatists. He is regarded as one of the founders of social psychology and of what has come to be referred to as the Chicago sociological tradition.

Brenda Milner

Brenda Milner, CC GOQ FRS FRSC (born July 15, 1918) is a Canadian neuropsychologist who has contributed extensively to the research literature on various topics in the field of clinical neuropsychology, sometimes referred to as “the founder of neuropsychology”. Milner is a professor in the Department of Neurology and Neurosurgery at McGill University and a professor of Psychology at the Montreal Neurological Institute. She currently holds more than 20 honorary degrees and continues to work in her nineties. Her current work explores the interaction between the brain’s left and right hemispheres. Milner has been called the founder of neuropsychology, and has proven to be an essential key in its development. She received the Kavli Prize in Neuroscience “for the discovery of specialized brain networks for memory and cognition”, together with John O’Keefe, and Marcus E. Raichle, in 2014.

Shubulade Smith

Shubulade Smith CBE is a British academic and consultant psychiatrist. She is a senior lecturer at King’s College, London and co-director of the university’s Forensic Mental Health Teaching Unit.

Thomas William Teasdale

Thomas William Teasdale’s biography, age, height, fact, career, awards, net worth, salary, income, family tree, personal life and life story.

Wilhelm Reich

Wilhelm Reich (24 March 1897 – 3 November 1957) was an Austrian psychoanalyst, a member of the second generation of analysts after Sigmund Freud. The author of several influential books, most notably Character Analysis (1933), The Mass Psychology of Fascism (1933) and The Sexual Revolution (1936), Reich became known as one of the most radical figures in the history of psychiatry.
Reich’s work on character contributed to the development of Anna Freud’s The Ego and the Mechanisms of Defence (1936), and his idea of muscular armour – the expression of the personality in the way the body moves – shaped innovations such as body psychotherapy, Gestalt therapy, bioenergetic analysis and primal therapy. His writing influenced generations of intellectuals; he coined the phrase “the sexual revolution” and according to one historian acted as its midwife. During the 1968 student uprisings in Paris and Berlin, students scrawled his name on walls and threw copies of The Mass Psychology of Fascism at police.
After graduating in medicine from the University of Vienna in 1922, Reich became deputy director of Freud’s outpatient clinic, the Vienna Ambulatorium. Described by Elizabeth Danto as a large man with a cantankerous style who managed to look scruffy and elegant at the same time, he tried to reconcile psychoanalysis with Marxism, arguing that neurosis is rooted in sexual and socio-economic conditions, and in particular in a lack of what he called “orgastic potency.” He visited patients in their homes to see how they lived, and took to the streets in a mobile clinic, promoting adolescent sexuality and the availability of contraceptives, abortion and divorce, a provocative message in Catholic Austria. He said he wanted to “attack the neurosis by its prevention rather than treatment.”
From the 1930s he became an increasingly controversial figure, and from 1932 until his death in 1957 all his work was self-published. His message of sexual liberation disturbed the psychoanalytic community and his political associates, and his vegetotherapy, in which he massaged his disrobed patients to dissolve their “muscular armour,” violated the key taboos of psychoanalysis. He moved to New York in 1939, in part to escape the Nazis, and shortly after arriving coined the term “orgone” – from “orgasm” and “organism” – for a biological energy he said he had discovered, which he said others called God. In 1940 he started building orgone accumulators, devices that his patients sat inside to harness the reputed health benefits, leading to newspaper stories about sex boxes that cured cancer.
Following two critical articles about him in The New Republic and Harper’s in 1947, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration obtained an injunction against the interstate shipment of orgone accumulators and associated literature, believing they were dealing with a “fraud of the first magnitude.” Charged with contempt in 1956 for having violated the injunction, Reich was sentenced to two years’ imprisonment, and that summer over six tons of his publications were burned by order of the court. He died in prison of heart failure just over a year later, days before he was due to apply for parole.

Emil Kraepelin

Emil Kraepelin (German: [ˈeːmiːl ˈkʀɛːpəliːn]; 15 February 1856 – 7 October 1926) was a German psychiatrist. H. J. Eysenck’s Encyclopedia of Psychology identifies him as the founder of modern scientific psychiatry, psychopharmacology and psychiatric genetics.

Arnold Gesell

Dr. Arnold Lucius Gesell (21 June 1880 – 29 May 1961) was an American clinical psychologist, pediatrician and professor at Yale University known for his research & contributions to the field of child development.

Ray Blanchard

Ray Milton Blanchard (/ˈblænərd/; born October 9, 1945) is an American-Canadian sexologist, best known for his research studies on transsexualism, pedophilia and sexual orientation. He found that men with more older brothers are more likely to be gay than men with fewer older brothers, a phenomenon he attributes to the reaction of the mother’s immune system to male fetuses. Blanchard has also published research studies on phallometry and several paraphilias, including autoerotic asphyxia.

Eric Berne

Eric Berne (May 10, 1910 – July 15, 1970) was a Canadian-born psychiatrist who created the theory of transactional analysis as a way of explaining human behavior.

Nancy Mello

Nancy Kishlar (Nancy) Mello (20 maart 1935 – Cambridge, 25 november 2013) was een Amerikaans psychologe, die bekend werd voor haar verslavingsonderzoek.

Noël Mailloux

Le père Noël Mailloux (25 décembre 1909 à Napierville, Québec – 21 janvier 1997 à Napierville) est un psychologue, un philosophe, un moraliste et un théologien québécois. Il était aussi religieux de l’ordre des Dominicains.

Matt McGue

Matt McGue is an American behavior geneticist and Regents Professor of psychology at the University of Minnesota, where he co-directs the Minnesota Center for Twin and Family Research.

Roger E. Kirk

Roger E. Kirk (born 1930) is a Professor of Psychology and Statistics at Baylor University. He got his B.A., M.A., and PhD. from Ohio State University. Before joining the faculty of Psychology and Neuroscience at Baylor University he was the Senior Psychoacoustical Engineer at the Baldwin Piano and Organ Company in Cincinnati, Ohio. Professor Kirk is a fellow of the American Psychological Association, the American Psychological Society, and the American Educational Research Association. References

Richard Crutchfield

Richard Crutchfield (June 20, 1912 in Pittsburgh, USA – July 19, 1977 in Berkeley, California, USA) was an American experimental, personality and social psychologist who, in the 1930s, was instrumental in moving psychology from a tradition of single-factor experiments to an experimental design based on analysis of variance and covariance.
Crutchfield co-authored two influential texts with David Krech. The first is the very successful social psychology textbook Theory and Problems of Social Psychology (1948). The second was an introductory psychology text, first published in 1958, Elements of Psychology, which has been widely used and has numerous editions and derivatives.
In the 1950s, Crutchfield’s work helped to establish the linkage between cognitive-perceptual processes and significant facets of personality. His best-known research was a series of investigations of the nature of conformity in interpersonal sphere of social psychology, which were published during the height of what is known in psychological circles as the ‘conformity era’ in the United States. In the late 1950s and 1960s, Crutchfield collaborated with several colleagues to develop a programme of automated instruction in productive thinking.
Crutchfield was known as an excellent teacher. He was a student of Edward Tolman.

Peter Harzem

Peter Harzem’s biography, age, height, fact, career, awards, net worth, salary, income, family tree, personal life and life story.